AskDefine | Define by

Dictionary Definition

by adv
1 so as to pass a given point; "every hour a train goes past" [syn: past]
2 in reserve; not for immediate use; "started setting aside money to buy a car"; "put something by for her old age"; "has a nestegg tucked away for a rainy day" [syn: aside, away]

User Contributed Dictionary


Alternative spellings

  • bye (archaic for preposition and adverb, not used for abbreviation, preferred for noun and interjection)




  1. Near or next to.
    The mailbox is by the bus stop.
  2. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.
    Be back by ten o'clock!
    We will send it by the first week of July.
  3. (Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice) Through the action or presence of.
    The matter was decided by the chairman.
    The boat was swamped by the water.
    He was protected by his body armour.
  4. (Indicates the creator of a work) Existing through the authorship etc of.
    There are many well-known plays by William Shakespeare
  5. (Indicates a means) Involving/using the means of.
    I avoided the guards by moving only when they weren't looking.
  6. (Indicates a rule followed) Using the rules or logic of.
    I sorted the items by category.
  7. (Indicates the amount of some progression) With a change of.
    Our stock is up by ten percent.
  8. (In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.)
    We went through the book page by page.
    We crawled forward by inches.
  9. (Indicates an oath) With the authority of.
    By Jove! I think she's got it!
    By all that is holy, I'll put an end to this.
Near, or next to
some time before the given time
indication of passive voice
indicates creator of a work
indicates a means
Indicates a rule followed
Indicating amount of progression
steady progression


  1. Along a path which runs by the speaker.
    I watched as it passed by.


along a path

Derived terms


  1. Out of the way, subsidiary.


Derived terms


  1. In the context of "card games}} A pass


Extensive Definition

By or BY means the following:
by in German: BY
by in Esperanto: By
by in French: BY
by in Korean: BY
by in Italian: BY
by in Japanese: BY
by in Norwegian: BY
by in Kölsch: BY (Watt ėßß datt?)
by in Slovenian: BY
by in Finnish: By

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abeam, abreast, accommodated to, according to, adapted to, adieu, adjusted to, after, agreeable to, agreeably to, all through, along by, alongside, among, answerable to, around, as to, aside, at, back, beside, by dint of, by means of, by use of, by virtue of, by way of, bye-bye, conformable to, congruent with, consistent with, farewell, from, good-bye, hereby, herewith, in, in accordance with, in agreement with, in compliance with, in conformity with, in correspondence to, in harmony with, in keeping with, in line with, in lock-step with, in obedience to, in reserve, in step with, in uniformity with, in virtue of, near, nearby, next to, nigh, on, over, passing by, passing through, per, proper to, round, round about, so long, suitable for, thanks to, thereby, therewith, through, to, toward, uniform with, upon, via, whereby, wherewith, wherewithal, with
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